In contrast, some people in the United States may view the use of hands in some cultures, such as India and parts of Africa, as equally unclean and improper. The way your group acts is the only right way to behave, and your customs and beliefs are superior to those of other groups.
One example of ethnocentrism is the use of chopsticks in Asian cultures and the use of silverware in the United States. The negative is that ethnocentrism can lead to arrogance and a tendency Cultural Relativism Cultural Relativism: An example of cultural relativism is the perception of aesthetics among different societies.
Cultural relativism, on the other hand, means evaluating a culture from the point of view of that culture. In other words, one must put himself or herself in the shoes of a person in that society to understand what shapes and drives his or her interpretation of religion, education, gender roles and other issues.
Its negatives include what some have called "neo-racialism," which means it is possible to overlook the poverty or abuse, for example, of another group by saying it is simply part of their culture for them to be impoverished or to practice mutilation on people in the culture without their consent.
There is no longer any perspective, and it becomes literally impossible to argue that anything a culture does is right or wrong. Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism are terms widely used and applied in the fields of anthropology and sociology.
This takes any talk of morality right over the cliff, and into meaningless gibberish. Cultural relativism, unlike ethnocentrism, does not consider one culture to be superior to another. In Asian countries, where all meals are eaten with chopsticks, citizens may view the use of forks, spoons, knives and other utensils as barbaric and inappropriate.
It is positive in that it does not impose the values of one group on another group and does not judge another group as inferior simply because it is different. Crumbling Away In practice, cultural relativism cannot overcome the boundaries of logic, nor can it override the sense of morality inherent to mankind.
Cultural relativism purports that all societies are equal, but that they have different viewpoints on certain customs, traditions and beliefs. Stepping up to the edge of a cliff gives you a good perspective of the terrain below.
Ethnocentrism is sometimes called cultural ignorance. Women, for example, are considered more beautiful in some parts of the world if they are slender, while in other societies women with broader and fleshier figures are considered to be more attractive.
The fundamental belief behind cultural relativism is that all societies are equal in the realm of morality, law and politics. Cultures can be viewed as superior in many ways, including a style of dress, economic activities, language and even etiquette such as using utensils versus hands at the dinner table to eat meals.
Taking one step too far, as cultural relativism does, is simply a disaster. If ethnocentrism means viewing another culture from the outside, culture relativism is the view from within.
The negative is that ethnocentrism can lead to arrogance and a tendency to ignore the useful and even superior knowledge or mindset another group might offer. Absolutely Impossible The contradiction of cultural relativism becomes immediately apparent. Cultural relativism, in contrast, is the realization that there are differences among cultures with respect to certain shared commonalities, such as written language and body language.
We instinctively know that some things are wrong, so cultural relativists attempt to tweak their philosophy to fit that need.
In the same way, heinous crimes such as rape and murder demand a moral judgment -- but strict cultural relativism cannot say that such things are always wrong. It is literally impossible for a person to rationally believe that there are no moral absolutes, or at least to live out that belief in any meaningful way.
These contradict the very concept of relativism, meaning that absolute relativism is self-contradictory and impossible.
There is no "right" or "wrong" in this case, cultural relativism believes, just differences. Since this philosophy is nonsensical, there must be some fundamental absolutes of right and wrong, regardless of the opinions of any given society.
The way in which relativism, including cultural relativism, has permeated modern society is demonstrated in the bizarre ways in which we try to deal with this contradiction.
To firmly state that anything at all is always wrong is to reject relativism itself. Yet, good cultural perspective might tell us more. Therefore, any opinion on morality or ethics is subject to the cultural perspective of each person.
Since there are disagreements among different cultures, we cannot assume that these truths are developed by one particular group of people.
Most modern societies would find that strange, if not oppressive. Relativism in general breaks down when examined from a purely logical perspective.Essay on Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism Words | 3 Pages.
and contrast ETHNOCENTRISM and CULTURAL RELATIVISM. Discuss how you have experienced OR witnessed both concepts in our American Society. Ethnocentrism is viewing your own culture as more superior than any other culture, that all other groups are measured in.
An example of ethnocentrism is believing that one's way of traditional dress, such as wearing headscarves and hijabs, is strange or bizarre. An example of cultural relativism is words used as slang in different languages. Ethnocentrism is the belief that one's culture is superior to another culture.
Michael Samuels 9/10/07 Sociology Critically Thinking Chapter 2 1. Do you favor ethnocentrism or cultural relativism?
Explain your position. I think human nature makes you favor ethnocentrism but personally or rather ideally, I would favor cultural relativism. It is important to understand culture and people within that culture.
As said %(2). Get an answer for 'What are the postives and negatives of ethnocentrism and cultural relativism?' and find homework help for other Social Sciences, ethnocentrism questions at. Where as ethnocentrism is the belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group, cultural relativism tries to avoid the views of ethnocentrism.
Therefore cultural relativism strives to avoid judging another culture by the standard's of one's own culture. Cultural Relativism is the view that moral or ethical systems, which vary from culture to culture, are all equally valid and no one system is really “better” than any other.
This is based on the idea that there is no ultimate standard of good or evil, so every judgment about right and wrong is a.Download