A narrative thread Although you clearly need to write in an academic style, it can be helpful to imagine that you are telling a story. Explain criteria to define valid and invalid sources. By identifying all methodological aspects to which to will attend — rationale, justification, sampling issues, etc.
Weigh up the pros and cons of all relevant alternatives, including your own choice. You will also need to be ready to answer them in a viva if you will be having one. Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be Where to put literature review in dissertation and reported.
So, despite having access to electronic databases and to electronic searching techniques, it can be surprisingly useful to have a pile of journals actually on your desk, and to look through the contents pages, and the individual articles.
It is often not until you start explaining something in writing that you find where your argument is weak, and you need to collect more evidence. It needs to reach the logical conclusion that your research is a good idea. EndNote and RefWorks are software packages that you can use to collect and store details of your references, and your comments on them.
This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years.
Struggling to write your dissertation methodology? How can you draw conclusions about the gathered literature as a whole? Plagiarism Plagiarism is regarded as a serious offence by all Universities, and you need to make sure that you do not, even accidentally, commit plagiarism.
The thread running through the story is the explanation of why you decided to do the study that you are doing. With longer projects such as a dissertation for a Masters degree, and certainly with a PhD, the literature review process will be more extended.
Each department or school has assigned to it a specialist Information Librarian. Help is available regarding how to avoid plagiarism and it is worth checking it out. Literature Review Section Writing a literature review for a dissertation is one of the main ways to demonstrate that you have made a strong research for your dissertation and have a strong academic background in your field.
For example, you could use a table to display the key differences between two or more: Appendix Keep your methodology chapter focussed and lucidly written by appending indirectly relevant material to the end of your dissertation writing. What is the scope of my literature review? To help you do this, you will need to establish a structure to work to.
When readers come to your assignment, dissertation, or thesis, they will not just assume that your research or analysis is a good idea; they will want to be persuaded that it is relevant and that it was worth doing.
Copies of questionnaires and other methodological material should usually be placed in the appendix. You can then begin your process of evaluating the quality and relevance of what you read, and this can guide you to more focussed further reading.
There may also be key sources of publications for your subject that are accessible electronically, such as collections of policy documents, standards, archive material, videos, and audio-recordings. Problem The methodology typically follows your literature review, so for the purposes of clarity and regaining focus it is useful briefly to recap the central research questions of your dissertation.
What is critical reading? What is the specific thesis, problem, or research question that my literature review helps to define? This very short statement contains some key concepts, which are examined in the table below. The purposes of writing a literature review are: Often, the literature review will end with a statement of the research question s.
Ways of finding relevant material Electronic sources Searching electronic databases is probably the quickest way to access a lot of material. What supporting arguments should be included? It is your step-by-step guide on how to write a dissertation literature review.
The key components here are the following: Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation. Literature review provides a background and a context for a paper by demonstrating the results of previous research.reference to your literature review in the discussion chapter of your dissertation.
When discussing the findings of your research, you will need to relate what you have found back to the literature discussed in the literature review in order to explain their.
literature review as challenging and how does your outcome relate to this? • Conclusion – Sum up and cementation of the outcome of you fieldwork. • Summary of findings, main problems and your conclusions. Doing a literature review Study guide The focus of the Study Guide is the literature review within a dissertation or a thesis, but many of the ideas are transferable to other kinds of writing, such as an extended essay, or a report.
You will need to put inverted commas (‘xxx’) around the exact quote, and record the page number on.
The methodology typically follows your literature review, so for the purposes of clarity and regaining focus it is useful briefly to recap the central research questions of your dissertation. Define and explain the problems which you seek to address.
A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research.
Determine which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of your topic. Point the way to further research on your topic. Content of the Literature Review. The Literature Review must be well structured, and your ideas must flow logically from one point to the next.
Ensure sources and references are current and relevant, cited .Download